As students advance through the reading levels there are a set of words which will be common in their reading books at each level. These words are known as sight words. When students can read and write these sight words instantly, they can focus on using strategies to read and write new and more difficult words, increasing their reading fluency and the detail in their writing.
Repetition is key to being able to recognise and write these sight words. students learn in different ways so it’s a great idea to learn how to do things more than one way.
Following are 10 different ways you can practise reading and writing the sight words at home.
1. Flash Cards
Use two sets of sight word flash cards to play memory or snap. The winner is the person with the most pairs.
2. Playdough words
Use playdough to make the words by rolling out worms on a flat surface using their fingers and twisting into the correct shapes.
3. Stamping words
Make words using stamps and an ink pad.
4. Sentence Dictation
Dictate a sentence that includes the focus sight word and have them write it down. The sentences don’t need to be complicated or long.
I like to read books.
I am going to school.
She went in her house.
5. Magnetic Letters
Make the words using magnetic letters. You could use your fridge as a magnetic surface or write the words on a piece of paper and make them next to it using the letter.
6. Pipe Cleaner words
Bend and twist pipe cleaners to make the words. This is also a fantastic fine motor activity as they manipulate the pipe cleaners with their fingers.
7. Duplo words
Write the letters on Duplo pieces and build the words using Duplo.
8. Fly Swat Words
Call out the sight words and ask your child to swat the correct word quickly. students enjoy doing this with another person where the fastest swat wins - you might just need to keep your hands and legs out of the way though!
Practise typing the sight words using a keyboard. This doesn’t need to be a keyboard that is attached to a computer - using an old keyboard is also practise and will also help them to become familiar with the position of letters and capital letters on a keyboard.
10. Sight word hopscotch
This is a great one to get students moving and learning all at once. Draw a hopscotch on the concrete and write a sight word in each square. As they land in each square they need to say it out loud.
All of the items needed for these activities can be found at home or at a Two Dollar Shop (or similar).
Once your child has mastered a sight word move onto another one. Focus on the words they cannot instantly read or write without support.
More ideas available here.
Keywords: Sight Words, Home Learning, Reading, Writing